What is Getting It Right for Every Child (GIRFEC)?
GIRFEC is the national approach in Scotland supporting children and young people, and their families: professionals should be placing the children's needs at the centre of their service. This early intervention approach is designed to identify children and families who may be vulnerable or experiencing difficulties, and then provide them with tailored support specific to their requirements in order to improve their lives in advance of any potential crises.
For this approach to work, and to improve outcomes for children and families experiencing difficulties, all professionals working across sectors must work in partnership to deliver the best outcomes; this includes statutory and non-statutory services.
Out of school care services and the workforce have a key role in supporting and helping deliver the aims of GIRFEC.
Key Elements of GIRFEC
Named Person and Information Sharing
The Named Person scheme and Information Sharing process are currently under review, please see the Scottish Government website for latest information:
Named Person information:
Information Sharing information:
8 Wellbeing Indicators - SHANARRI & 5 questions to be asked
A child's need for support is measured in terms of how they experience the 8 indicators of wellbeing, otherwise know as the SHANARRI indicators:
- Safe- children are protected from abuse, neglect or harm
- Healthy- children have the highest attainable standards of physical and mental health
- Achieving- children are guided and supported in their learning and development of skills
- Nurtured- children have a nurturing place to live
- Active- children have opportunities to take part in activities such as play, leisure and recreation
- Respected- children and carers have the opportunity to have their opinions heard
- Responsible- children have opportunities to play an active role in all aspects of their life
- Included- children have help to overcome social, physical, educational and economic inequalities
To measure and assess any need, professionals working with children need to ask themselves the following 5 questions in terms of the wellbeing indicators:
- What is getting in the way of this child or young person's wellbeing?
- Do I have all the information I need to help this child or young person?
- What can I do now to help this child or young person?
- What can my agency do to help this child or young person?
- What additional help - if any - may be needed from others?
GIRFEC & its relevance to Out of School Care
Out of school care, as a service which supports children and families, has a clear duty to support the wellbeing of children in its care- in particular the workforce must understand and measure children's wellbeing against the SHANARRI indicators and know how to use the National Practice Model. In the future Care Inspectorate inspections will be aligned with GIRFEC and SHANARRI - services will need to demonstrate how these are implemented in their service.
SOSCN will be offering free training on GIRFEC and how it can be implemented in out of school care services, for details of the training please follow this link
Further information about GIRFEC can be found on the Scottish Government website:http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Topics/People/Young-People/gettingitright